Not too long ago eating out in Calcutta was reserved for special occasions or weekends. Bengalis were quite unwilling to pay and eat traditional food, the common saying being “if I can make it at home, why should I pay for it and eat it outside?” So, restaurants served mostly Chinese, Mughlai or a few other cuisines. During my last visit to Calcutta, I was quite surprised to see the change. Now the mentality is more like “if I can pay for it and eat it without any sweat, why should I make it at home?” Seeing the eating-out culture, I thought that not far from now, kids will have no memories about home cooked comfort food cooked by their mothers. I am not saying that everybody does it but the urban population, which is always running after something or the other, is getting more and more inclined to avoiding simple home foods and cooking. Eating Bengali food in a restaurant is very fashionable now. You can find a Bengali restaurant in almost every neighborhood in Calcutta. Some have managed to acquire fame and some are still struggling.
Before I visited Calcutta couple of years ago, I Googled the menu of a very popular Bengali restaurant and my jaws dropped. Two pieces of begun bhaja (fried eggplant) was like Rs.25/-…are you kidding me? A simple bowl of daal (lentil soup) will be Rs. 30/- or something close to it. It looked outrageous to me but still went to the restaurant to see if they can justify the price. The food wasn’t bad but no way am I going to that place again in my life to pay Rs. 25/- for two pieces of begun bhaja. That’s just me, but I don’t see the restaurant going out of business in near or far future.
In the matter of Bengali restaurants,
Minakshie Rakhipurnima Dasgupta was a little ahead of her time. She opened her own a place called Kewpie’s in the memory of her mother Minakshie Dasgupta, when eating traditional Bengali food from an a la carté menu was almost unheard of. Although bhaat-daal-maachh (rice-lentils-fish, the Bengali staple) was very much available in the traditional kebin (communal dining establishment with prix fixe menus and limited table service), these establishments were the haunt of the working-class bachelor or the poor lover, and no bhadralok (upper middle class educated Bengali gentleman) would be seen dead in one. I have a book written by Mrs. Minakshie Dasgupta called “Calcutta Cookbook”, where I found many recipes which are pretty new to me. Among the more traditional ones, there was chapor ghonto and I had no idea what it was. Naturally, I was very tempted to make it and finally I have managed to do it. Looks like it is among the dying recipes but I don’t see why. It is a little bit time-consuming but less so than a regular mutton curry. I am more like a fishiterian (yeah, I came up with the word) and eat mostly vegetarian and fish at home. Meat is reserved for special occasions. If I see an interesting vegetable recipe, I can’t wait to make it.
The recipe below is almost copied from the cookbook with my variations included. I have no idea what it should originally taste like, because I haven’t had it in my life. I liked the taste of my chapors (fried spiced lentil cakes), so right now, not so worried about the authenticity. When I called my mom, she said she has made it once from a recipe shown on TV. I assume this a recipe from the Bengalis originally from the West Bengal (ghotis) but not sure. If you are ready to put in a little bit of effort to make something rarely found these days, go for it. You won’t be disappointed.
Sweet potato: 2 medium
Jhingey/ridge gourd: 100grams
Chapor (broken into small bits) made from 200grams of split pea lentils (recipe below)
Mustard oil/vegetable oil/ghee: 2tbsp
Tejpata/bay leave: 2 nos.
Red chilies: 2 nos.
Pnach phoron/Bengali five spice: 1tsp
Ginger paste: 1 tbsp.
Green chilies: 4-5 nos.
Coconut: 2 tbsp.
Oil to shaloow fry the chapors
Salt to taste
How to make the chapor:
- Wash ans soak the split pea lentils overnight.
- Drain and coarsely grind it with the green chilies.
- Add salt to the batter and whip it very well.
- Het oil in a preferably non-stick frying pan. Make 2-3″ round flat ckaes (around 1/4″ thick) and place them on the pan. Cook on medium flame, turn over and cook until the cakes are a little brown on both sides. You shouldn’t be deep frying them. Keep them aside.
How to cook the ghonto:
- Dice the potatoes (I prefer to keep the skin, but you can peel them), sweet potatoes (you can peel them or leave the skin, it’s your choice), pumpkin (peeled) and the eggplants.
- Heat the mustard oil/ghee/vegetable oil to smoking hot and then reduce the heat.
- Add the pnach phoron, bay leaves and dry red chilies and stir fry them until a nice aroma released. The pnach phoron will splatter a little bit.
- Add the vegetables and stir fry them for 5-10 minutes.
- Add salt and sugar, mix well and cover the pot.
- Cook the vegetables on simmer until they are tender or almost done.
- Break the chapors into smaller pieces and add them to the vegetables.
- Add the grated coconut and the ginger paste and mix well.
- Add 2-3 slit green chilies.
- Let the vegetables get completely cooked in their own juices. Do not add a lot of water. The ridge gourd and eggplants will release water. If they are sticking to the bottom, sprinkle a little bit of water.
- Finally give it a good stir and take it off the fire.
Variation: In her original recipe, she added 25 grams (around 2 1/2 tbsp.) of soaked chholar daal/Bengal gram with the vegetables. The pumkin and the sweet potato addition is mine, she had wax gourd or potol instead (I don’t get wax gourd very often here in the US). She said you can use the freshly grated coconut as a garnish also. She also didn’t add green chilies to the vegetables. I like a little bit of kick, so I added 2-3 nos. It’s your call, go for the pumpkin and the sweet potatoes if you like a little bit of natural sweetness in the vegetable mishmash or completely omit them or may add one and skip the other one. I’ll try to cook it again with soaked Bengal gram and coconut as a garnish.
I had it with ruti/chapati and it tasted great. I am sure it will taste good with rice also. Have it with a simple masoor daal.
Looks yummy. Shall try it. Great job soma in opening this blog
Thanks Dipannita. Trying to do my best. Hope you’ll like it.
Soma, it is a purbo bongeeo (bangal) delicacy. My ma also adds this kind of chapors to other ghontos like mochar ghonto, lauer ghonto etc.
Thanks Bonny. I didn’t know that. I never had it at my parents/in-laws place. I’ll surely try it with bottle gourd or mocha. My mom cooked it very recently with chhnachi kumro.
Yeah, I believe my ma adds it to chal kumro also. I will ask her.
Looks very yummy!!
Thank you. It was yummy indeed.
Thanks a lot.i have grown up eating chapor. and have lots of memories attached to it as neither my maa or dida is there to cook it.even in shukto you can add chapor instead of Bori. with paat sagh,grated coconut and mator dal maa used to make chapor on chapor sashti along with various other combination.she used to make small patty and press the patty with her fist.and that is the way chapor were roasted on the kadhi.
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Chapor ghonto is a typical East Bengal dish and more specifically from people living in Mymensingh area. My maternal grand mother used to make it and your post made me think of her and her “chapor ghonto”. Thank you for sharing
Hello, nice post. It’s actually a menu which was cooked in Rabindranath thakur’s house. Got the original recipe from the popular book of ‘Thakur barir ranna banna. loved your variation. Keep up with your good work